What is the meaning of equal protection of the law?
Equal Protection refers to the idea that a governmental body may not deny people equal protection of its governing laws. The governing body state must treat an individual in the same manner as others in similar conditions and circumstances.
What is an example of equal protection?
Basics of the Equal Protection Clause
For instance, states may require people to pass a vision as a condition of receiving a driver’s license. However, states cannot deny a person a driver’s license because of their race, gender, or other minority considerations.
What is equal protection of law in India?
Equal protection means the right to equal treatment in similar circumstances, both in the privileges conferred and in the liabilities imposed.[vii] Implicit in the concept of equality is the concept that persons who are in fact unequally circumstanced cannot be treated on par.[viii] Equal protection of the laws means …
What is equal protection of law in the Philippines?
The equal protection of the law clause is against undue favor and individual or class privilege, as well as hostile discrimination or the oppression of inequality. It is not intended to prohibit legislation which is limited either in the object to which it is directed or by territory within which it is to operate.
What rights does the 14th Amendment Protect?
The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former slaves—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.” One of three amendments passed during the Reconstruction era to abolish slavery and establish …
What are the two types of due process?
Due process under the Fourteenth Amendment can be broken down into two categories: procedural due process and substantive due process. Procedural due process, based on principles of “fundamental fairness,” addresses which legal procedures are required to be followed in state proceedings.
What is an example of due process?
For example, a state might fire someone from a government job, send defendant to prison, revoke a prisoner’s parole, or cut someone’s social security payments or other welfare benefits. Due process does not prohibit these actions, but it does require that certain procedures be followed before any action is taken.
Why is the 14th Amendment important today?
The 14th Amendment established citizenship rights for the first time and equal protection to former slaves, laying the foundation for how we understand these ideals today. It is the most relevant amendment to Americans’ lives today.
What are the 3 levels of scrutiny?
Our infographic outlines the three most common points on the spectrum (Rational-Basis, Intermediate Scrutiny, and Strict Scrutiny). The Supreme Court has found the following situations to correspond to these levels of scrutiny.
What is rule of law mean?
Rule of law is a principle under which all persons, institutions, and entities are accountable to laws that are: Publicly promulgated. Equally enforced. Independently adjudicated. And consistent with international human rights principles.
What is difference between equality before law and equal protection of law?
Equality before law means that no one is above the law of the land. … Thus, privileged, underprivileged and unprivileged are equal before law. Equal protection of law means that law provides equal opportunities to all those who are in similar circumstances or situations.
How CAA is unconstitutional?
The Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA), 2019, is unconstitutional. … The CAA is unconstitutional for both violating the text of the Constitution but also going fundamentally against one of the basic features of the Constitution.
What is Article 3 bill of rights all about?
ARTICLE III. BILL OF RIGHTS. Section 1. No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor shall any person be denied the equal protection of the laws.
What is Article 3 section1?
The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.