What is not a protected class?
Under federal law, employers cannot discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age, or disability. The law is not, however, a blanket bar on employers taking into account a person’s membership in one of these groups in all circumstances.
What is protected by a federal law?
U.S. federal law protects individuals from discrimination or harassment based on the following nine protected classes: sex, race, age, disability, color, creed, national origin, religion, or genetic information (added in 2008).
What are the federal laws prohibiting job discrimination?
Discrimination in the Workplace
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964: Makes makes it illegal to discriminate against someone on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin or sex.
Who is exempt from EEOC?
You cannot discriminate against or harass applicants, employees or former employees because of race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy, sexual orientation, or gender identity), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information (including family medical history).
What are the 7 types of discrimination?
Each characteristic is addressed in the Act in summary as follows:
- Age. …
- Disability. …
- Gender Reassignment. …
- Marriage & Civil Partnership. …
- Pregnancy & Maternity. …
- Race. …
- Religion or Belief. …
What is not protected under the Fair Housing Act?
Race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, national origin. Although some interest groups have tried to lobby to include sexual orientation and marital status, these aren’t protected classes under the federal law, but are sometimes protected by certain local state fair housing laws. 4.
What characteristics are protected by law?
These are age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, sex, and sexual orientation.
What are legally protected characteristics?
The Equality Act covers the same groups that were protected by existing equality legislation – age, disability, gender reassignment, race, religion or belief, sex, sexual orientation, marriage and civil partnership and pregnancy and maternity. These are now called `protected characteristics´.
What are the six protected classes under the civil rights law?
Bases (protected groups) under EEO are: race, color, national origin, religion, age, sex (gender), sexual orientation, physical or mental disability, and reprisal. Complaint: A complaint is an allegation of illegal discrimination that is handled through an administrative procedure.
What are the 4 types of discrimination?
There are four main types of discrimination that are important in schools; direct discrimination and indirect discrimination, harassment and victimisation. Direct discrimination in schools is when a child is treated less favourably on the grounds of gender, disability, race, sexual orientation, religious belief or age.
What workplace Behaviour is unlawful?
Unlawful workplace discrimination occurs when an employer takes adverse action against a person who is an employee or prospective employee because of the following attributes of the person: race. colour. sex.
What is considered discrimination?
Discrimination is prejudicial treatment in the workplace, which may affect hiring, firing, promotions, salary, job assignments, training, benefits and/or layoffs, based on a person’s age, gender, sexual orientation, race, religion, national origins or disabilities.
What employers are subject to EEOC?
Most employers with at least 15 employees are covered by EEOC laws (20 employees in age discrimination cases). Most labor unions and employment agencies are also covered. The laws apply to all types of work situations, including hiring, firing, promotions, harassment, training, wages, and benefits.
What is the criterion for companies to be covered under the EEOC laws?
If you have 20 or more employees: You are covered by the laws that prohibit discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy, sexual orientation, or gender identity), national origin, age (40 or older), disability and genetic information (including family medical history).