What do you mean by court of law?
court of law in American English
noun. 1. a duly instituted organ of the government that administers justice, whether on the basis of legislation, previous court decisions, or other authoritative services.
What is the difference between a court of law and a court of equity?
A court of equity is a type of court that hears cases involving remedies other than monetary damages, such as injunctions, writs, or specific performance and a court of law, only hears cases involving monetary damages. … This distinction between the two types of courts has now largely been dissolved.
What does the people mean in court?
The “People” are represented in court by delegates (Assistant State/District Attorneys or Assistant U.S Attorneys) of their elected officials (State/District Attorneys or U.S. Attorneys) who prosecute violations of the law on behalf of society as a whole.
What is sit in law?
The Special Investigation Teams or SIT are a specialized team of officers in Indian law enforcement consisting of personnel trained to investigate serious crimes. … SIT on any case can be formed by the Supreme Court of India, Central as well as state government.
What does a sentence mean in court?
The term sentence in law refers to punishment that was actually ordered or could be ordered by a trial court in a criminal procedure. … The sentence can generally involve a decree of imprisonment, a fine, and/or punishments against a defendant convicted of a crime.
What is a court of justice called?
court of justice – a tribunal that is presided over by a magistrate or by one or more judges who administer justice according to the laws. court of law, lawcourt, court. court, judicature, tribunal – an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial business. Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection …
What are the 3 equitable remedies?
There are three types of equitable remedies: specific performance, injunction, and restitution.
What is equity law and where did it come from?
The system of law or body of principles which originated in the English court of Chancery, which superseded the common law and statute law when there was a conflict between the two. A right, interest or remedy recognizable by a Court of equity. The right to decide matters in equity or equity jurisdiction.
What’s the difference between law and equity?
In modern practice, perhaps the most important distinction between law and equity is the set of remedies each offers. The most common civil remedy a court of law can award is monetary damages. Equity, however, enters injunctions or decrees directing someone either to act or to forbear from acting.
What is the person who is guilty called?
Convict or offender. Convict-An individual who has been found guilty of a crime and, as a result, is serving a sentence as punishment for the act; a prisoner. Offender-someone who has committed a crime or has been legally convicted of a crime.
What’s the difference between a criminal case and a civil case?
A civil case is a private case where someone sues someone else. This is also known as a suit or action. In a criminal case, the Crown prosecutes an accused under a public-law statute such as the Criminal Code or the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act.
What is the difference between a criminal and civil offense?
Crimes are generally offenses against the state (even if the immediate harm is done to an individual), and are accordingly prosecuted by the state. Civil cases on the other hand, typically involve disputes between individuals regarding the legal duties and responsibilities they owe to one another.
What happens during a sit in?
A sit-in or sit-down is a form of direct action that involves one or more people occupying an area for a protest, often to promote political, social, or economic change. The protestors gather conspicuously in a space or building, refusing to move unless their demands are met.
What was a sit in where and how did it get its name?
The Greensboro sit-in was a civil rights protest that started in 1960, when young African American students staged a sit-in at a segregated Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, and refused to leave after being denied service. The sit-in movement soon spread to college towns throughout the South.