According to the Nuremberg Laws, Jews who were residing in Nazi Germany before and during World War II were denied citizenship as well as other privileges.
What happened at Kristallnacht quizlet?
In November 1938, there were three nights of violent outbursts against Jewish stores, synagogues, and individuals that became known as Kristallnacht. This event had a significant impact on the economic lives of German Jews. The assassination of a German diplomat in Paris by a Jewish man shortly after the guy’s family had been deported to Poland was the spark that set off Kristallnacht.
What does the term Kristallnacht mean?
″Crystal Night,″ also known as ″Night of Broken Glass″ or ″November Pogroms,″ was the night of November 9–10, 1938, when German Nazis assaulted Jewish people and property. The name ″Kristallnacht″ literally translates to ″Crystal Night.″ In a cruel twist of irony, the name ″Kristallnacht″ relates to the mess of shattered glass that was left in the streets following these pogroms.
What was the Gestapo quizlet?
Gestapo. Secret State Police. In the years leading up to the commencement of World War II, the Gestapo employed harsh tactics in order to investigate and put down dissent against the Nazi regime in Germany. After 1939, the Gestapo began expanding its activities into areas of Europe that were seized by the Nazis.
What was the purpose of an extermination camp quizlet?
Extermination Camps There were six large camps that were created and constructed for the express goal of killing Jews. These camps were Auschwitz-Birkenau, Chelmno, Majdanek, Treblinka, and Sobibor. Belzec was the last camp to be established.
Why did the United States refused to let the St Louis dock in the United States quizlet?
Why did the United States government not allow the St. Louis to dock on American territory and give permission for its passengers to leave the country? They did not comply because they were adamant on maintaining their impartiality and isolationism. What did people think ″The World of Tomorrow″ will be like in 1939?
What was Kristallnacht ww2 quizlet?
During the night of November 9-10, 1938, Nazis carried out a pogrom over the entirety of Germany and Austria, during which Jews were murdered and their property was destroyed.
What does Dachau mean in English?
The various meanings of Dachau. a Nazi concentration camp for Jews that was established in southern Germany, close to the city of Munich. a stockade and a concentration camp are two examples. a place of confinement for those who have been convicted of political offenses or who are soldiers (usually under harsh conditions)
What was meant by Lebensraum?
- Definition of Lebensraum.
- The Nazi government’s foreign policy was based on the concept of lebensraum, which literally translates to ″living space.″ Hitler was convinced that eastern Europe had to be subjugated in order to establish a broad German empire.
- He claimed that this would provide Germany with more livable area, a larger population, and additional territories from which to get food and raw materials.
What happened on September 1st 1939?
On September 1, 1939, Germany launched an invasion of Poland, which ultimately led to the beginning of World War II in Europe. German soldiers were able to penetrate Polish positions along the border, and they made rapid progress into Warsaw, the capital city of Poland.
What is the name of Hitler’s secret police quizlet?
Hermann Goring established the Gestapo in 1933 as the secret police of Nazi Germany. The Gestapo went on to play a significant part in the ″Final Solution″ carried out by the Nazi regime.
What does blitzkrieg mean quizlet?
Blitzkrieg, which literally translates to ″lightning war,″ was a strategy employed by the Nazis throughout Europe and beyond. It meant to strike swiftly, ruthlessly, and unexpectedly with combined forces of aircraft, infantry, and armor (tanks). This strategy was used to conquer Poland, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France. It had a devastating effect on the morale of the enemy.
Who was Benito Mussolini quizlet?
Benito Mussolini was an Italian politician, journalist, and the head of the National Fascist Party. He served as Prime Minister of Italy from 1922 to 1943, when he was overthrown. Mussolini was also a journalist.
Where were the death camps located quizlet?
Poland was the location of both the labor camps and the extermination camps. This demonstrates that all of the prisoners who were being held in the camps may eventually be transferred from the labour camps to the extermination camps. It sheds light on the harsh treatment of Jews by the Nazi regime.
What were the Nuremberg trials quizlet?
After World War II, the Allied powers convened a series of military courts that came to be known as the Nuremberg Proceedings. The purpose of these trials was to bring to justice the most significant members of Nazi Germany’s political, military, and economic leadership.
What did the Lend Lease Act do quizlet?
- The Lend-Lease Act made it possible for the United States to lend military supplies to other countries in exchange for protection for the United States.
- There were no restrictions placed on the amounts of money, weapons, or ports that may be used in the United States.
- As a result, the President was granted permission under the Neutrality Act to send materials to Britain WITHOUT BEING REQUIRED TO PAY FOR THEM.